noun. Governmental » Law & Legal. Preventive detention definition: the holding of someone in jail or in an institution because he or she is regarded as a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Log In Dictionary Preventive detention is a special form of imprisonment. Meaning of Preventive detention in hindi Noun निवारक निरोध ( Nivarak nirodh, nivaarak nirodh, niwarak nirodh) In Australia's most populous State, New South Wales, preventive detention regimes have established powers to detain or to continuously monitor and limit particular activities of those who were once convicted of various serious sexual and violent offences. Thus, arrested persons may not be held for extended periods of time without trial. According to Preventive Detention Act 1950, it can be extended beyond three months up to a total of twelve months, only on the favourable recommendation of an advisory board, made up of High Court judges or persons eligible to be appointed High Court judges. The preventive detention laws are repugnant to modern democratic constitutions. McGreal, C., "Military given go-ahead to detain US terrorist suspects without trial", Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_stgb/englisch_stgb.html#StGBengl_000P66, Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978, Public order and internal security in Japan, Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012, Life imprisonment in New Zealand § Preventive detention, Prisoners' rights in New Zealand § Preventive detention, Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act (Singapore), "In Costa Rica 17 persons ordered daily to preventive detention", "L 49 Forslag til lov om ændring af straffeloven og lov om politiets virksomhed", "Hårdt politisk opgør før Folketinget sagde ja til lømmelpakken", "German court rules preventive detention unconstitutional - Germany - DW.COM - 04.05.2011", "Preventive Detention Act 1950 Complete Act - Citation 134080 - Bare Act | LegalCrystal", Code of Criminal Procedure (Act No. noun preventive detention the holding of someone in jail or in an institution because he or she is regarded as a danger to the community. Learn more. Global Voices in English » Tanzania: Blogger arrested for publishing manipulated images of the president So if the guy gets a good attorney, and the government does not use extrajudicial means (if it does not Ghailani him under some autocratic anti-terrorism preventive-detention like draconian). Preventive detention Act, 1950 validates detention of individual in cases where exigencies of the state is concerned like in case of national security, maintaining peace and public order, foreign relations etc. Preventative detention is used by law enforcement officials to stop possible terrorist attacks. surprise. Intended or used to prevent or hinder; acting as an obstacle: preventive measures. It is a judicial sentence, handed down to individuals tried and found guilty of violent or sexual crimes (such as sociopathic murderers or recidivist pedophiles), where it is likely that the offender will reoffend if released. 3.2%. SV or PSV for „Sicherungsverwahrte“ („preventive detention prisoners“) – meaning prison inmates in the „career criminals“ category who were transferred to concentration camps from 1942 on Himmler’s orders to perform the heaviest forced labor. THE ENACTMENT OF THE PREVENTION OF TERRORISM ACT, 2015, IN PURSUANCE OF THE CONSTITUTION OF MALAYSIA: REINCARNATION OF THE NOTORIOUS INTERNAL SECURITY ACT, 1960? Miller, Marc, and Martin Guggenheim. Finally, juveniles who have been arrested on the suspicion that they have committed a crime may be placed in preventive detention if they present a danger to the community (Schall v. Martin, 467 U.S. 253, 104 S. Ct. 2403, 81 L. Ed. What does PREVENTIVE DETENTION mean? http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is PREVENTIVE DETENTION? Australia laws authorize preventive detention in a variety of circumstances. [10] Subsequently, a huge discussion in Germany over the handling of this verdict occurred. The Court also has ruled that potentially dangerous resident Aliens may be detained pending deportation proceedings (Carlson v. Landon, 342 U.S. 524, 72 S. Ct. 525, 96 L. Ed. 2. detention of a person without trial or conviction by a court. Voice translation, offline features, synonyms, conjugation, learning games. How to use preventative in a sentence. The Supreme Court in Alijav v. District Magistrate, Dhanbad, stated that while criminal proceedings relate to … [19] Preventive detention has a minimum non-parole period of five years in prison, but the sentencing judge can extend this if they believe that the prisoner's history warrants it. By a vote of six to three, the High Court rejected both arguments. est. Many democracies around the world use preventive detention to stop possible terrorist attacks. Preventative definition is - devoted to or concerned with preventing something from happening : preventive. Defendants in murder cases were held in jail without bail through the end of trial. [16], In Malaysia the Internal Security Act 1960 (ISA) was a preventive detention law that was enacted after Malaysia gained independence from Britain in 1957. Explaining the process of how things are done, the officer said that at the beginning of the … Validity of the said act is challenged before the court in Gopalan case where it was evident that liberty of an individual does not count under Article 21. However, the meaning expressed by preventive detention could also depend on other factors, such as mere social conventions regarding what different actions mean, so it is possible that the expressivist and motivationist interpretations could come apart. India had a preventive detention law since a very long time, the records date back to the colonial period. Examples of how to use “preventive detention” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs [18], In New Zealand, "preventive detention" is an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment, second only to life imprisonment in terms of seriousness. Preventive detention concerns imprisonment either without justification (the prisoner is not told the grounds for the arrest) or waiting for trial.. Under D.C. Code 1973, 23-1322, a defendant charged with a dangerous or violent crime could be held before trial without bail for up to 60 days. 2003. Washington, D.C.: Univ. Preventive detention is a relatively recent phenomenon. 547 [1952]; Wong Wing v. United States, 163 U.S. 228, 16 S. Ct. 977, 41 L. Ed. In Addington v. Texas, 441 U.S. 418, 99 S. Ct. 1804, 60 L. Ed. Other countries' detention methods have received similar criticism. Prevention is the act of stopping something or ensuring something does not happen. Dans le plus grand secret. 1. 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